Context-based guessing, paraphrasing or previewing, skimming
In terms of student-friendly in terms that are more user-friendly, summarizing means telling the most crucial elements of a text using your personal words and in the shortest manner. The teaching of summarizing teaches students to recognize the key elements of texts and how to avoid unimportant information, as well as to connect the main concepts in a meaningful manner. The ability to teach students to summarize increases their ability to remember what they read , and also serves as a way to test their comprehension. The art of summarizing is a difficult skill that will grow over time, as students are required to read increasingly complicated texts.
General Summarizing Rules
- Highlight the topic sentence
- You can eliminate any information that isn’t necessary for understanding the passage.
- Cross out information that is repeated
- In the margins of the page, write the categories of lists. For instance baseball, football and soccer are three sports.
Summarize Shortly summarize sections or paragraphs of an article. It is a great method of keeping track of the most important information while also gaining control over longer paragraphs. The purpose of summaries is to:
- Define what the paragraph is about.
- Define the actions of the author
- You can use the account to find key terms and/or concepts
What is Paraphrasing?
When you quote the words of another person, you are using the words of your choice to convey what was written or spoken by someone else.
Making it your own words will help clarify the message and making it more relevant to the audience you are trying to reach or provide it with greater impact.
What is the reason to use quotes, paraphrases or Summaries?
They could be used to:
- Support your claims with evidence or give credence to the writing you write.
- Increase the depth or breadth of your writing
- Make sure you highlight a striking phrase or sentence by quoting the source
- Consider the work that will lead up to the job you’re now performing
- Offer examples of various viewpoints regarding a particular subject.
- Distinguish yourself from the source by quoting the source to let readers know that the quote is not your own
- Pay attention to a point with which you would like to take or not
How to Summing Up
- Take a look carefully through and then highlight key information in a manner.
- Restate the key elements – the highlighted information, with annotated notes in your own terms.
- Put the summary draft aside.
- Once you’re satisfied then go back and examine it in comparison to the original text.
- Then, write down the summary of your research if you intend to incorporate it into an essay.
Tips for Writing Effective Summaries
Keep It Short
Of course , the length of a summaries depends on the topic you’re describing and the content, but generally, summary ought to be much smaller than the predecessors, particularly when they’re included in an essay. Make them brief when conducting research to get the most value from your time.
Break the Text into sections
To make the text easier to read and easier to comprehend to make it easier to understand, break it down into smaller chunks.
If it is a scientific article which follows a common methodological structure, it’s likely already organized into distinct sections, generally comprising an introduction, methods, findings and a discussion.
Read and Note Notes
Take your time reading the text you wish to paraphrase. Highlight, underline, or write down key terms and phrases that you will need to keep in mind.
Make Your Own Words
This can help you comprehend the text more clearly. The use of quotation marks should be limited and only in cases when you must communicate specific phrases that were used within the text.
Find Other Terms
Find words or phrases that are similar (synonyms) to make use of instead of those you’ve selected. A Dictionary, thesaurus, or online search could be helpful here However, be sure to maintain the nature of the text, particularly when you’re dealing with scientific or technical terminology.
Summary should not express your personal opinion and should be a true reflection of the ideas and the style of the author. However, you should take notes of your evaluations and thoughts outside of the summary as they could help you write your own paper.
Write the Summary
After you’ve mastered the most important points that this article is trying to convey and you are ready to express the points in your own phrases.
To avoid plagiarism and prove you’ve read the article It’s important to summarize the author’s thoughts. Don’t copy and paste portions of the article, or even a paragraph or two.
Paraphrasing vs. Summarizing
A paraphrase translates a particular passage in the words of your choice. It’s usually of a similar length as the original text or perhaps a bit shorter.
If you boil a lengthy document down to the most important points, such that the final product is much shorter than the original it is referred to as summary.
|Maintains neutrality and impartiality||Concerns only texts. It concerns both visuals and texts|
|Reinforces your analysis|
|Incorporates specifics from the original|
Conveys only convey the principal concepts
|It provides the same information more clearly and in a more direct way||Write down your thoughts in your own words|
|Concentrates on a particular section||A broad overview of the entire project|
To summarize text or speech
- Have a rough concept of the initial.
- Check your understanding.
- Take notes.
- Write your report.
- Check your work.
A Case Study in Summary
A good summary can be a means to convey to the reader what the text in question can be “about.” But although it’s crucial in order to “put your self in the place” of the writer, you must also to understand the topic you’re trying to argue in your article that brought you to this different viewpoint. Because a research paper is often not about a single aspect, knowing what you’re discussing will help you determine the most significant ideas.
Citing the Source You’re Summarizing
If you’re including a summary as an element of your larger text it’s crucial to correctly reference the source you’re writing about. The exact format will vary based on the style of citation you choose and the type of citation you choose, but generally it includes an in-text citation as well as an extensive reference at the conclusion of your essay.
- A summary should be based on the principal idea plus some details to support it.
- Don’t add any ideas of your personal ideas.
- Note and quote the key words of the author or phrases you employ if they are used.
- Be sure that the meaning of the text is clearly stated in the review.